Allama Iqbal is generally known as a great Poet. He was no Doubt a great Poet, But poetry was only one of his many Accomplishments. He was well-versed in philosophy, both Eastern and Western. He pointed out the Defects in some of the Philosophical systems of the West. He devoted a great part of his life to the study of Islam. He also took an active part in politics. He worked for the Muslims of South Asia with great courage.
This was the first time that a demand was made for a separate Indian Muslim State. Dr. Iqbal did not stop at this. All his efforts were now directed towards the achievement of this goal. In May 1937, Dr. Iqbal wrote a letter to the Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. In this letter he discussed in detail the problems of the Indian Muslims. He once again, advised that only the creation of a separate Muslim State could solve these problems and said to the Quaid, “Don’t you think that the time for such a demand has already arrived?“
On 21st June 1937, he again wrote to the Quaid-i-Azam, “A separate federal state of Muslim provinces, formed on the lines I have proposed, is the only way by which we can have a peaceful India and save Muslims from the rule of non-Muslims.“
The Muslims awoke from their sleep as a result of Iqbal’s efforts. They turned over a new leaf. Now they all wanted a separate Muslim State. The Muslim League representing the whole of Muslim India, met in Lahore and passed a Resolution on 23 March, 1940, demanding a separate state for the Muslims of India. This resolution is now known as the ‘Pakistan Resolution‘. From this time onward the Muslims never looked back. They put their heart and soul into the struggle for Pakistan. They succeeded in their struggle. On 14th August, 1947, Pakistan appeared on the Map of the World. Iqbal died in 1938, and could not see the Actual Creation of Pakistan, but he had played a major Part in it’s Creation. The Quaid-i-Azam praised Iqbal’s role in a message of his death: “To me he was a friend Guide and Philosopher, and during the darkest moments through which the Muslim League had to go, he stood like a Rock“.
He believed that faith in Islam made the Indian Muslims one nation, separate and apart from the Hindus. He strongly believed that in a united India where the Hindu majority would rule the country, the Muslims could not develop freely. He had a great love for Islam, and was completely devoted to it. Both his prose and poetry reflect this devotion. He always advised Muslims to remain true to their faith. In his Allahabad address he said:
I have learnt one (1) lesson from the history of Muslims. At difficult moments in their history, it is Islam that has saved Muslims and not Muslims that have saved Islam. If today you put your faith in Islam, you will become strong and united once again and save yourselves from complete destruction.