The Prophets and Messengers of Allah

Prophets of Allah
Throughout ages, Allah has sent prophets to various lands to give admonition to the people. According to traditions, Allah commissioned 1,24,000 prophets, and a prophet was sent to very people in very part of the world. The holy Quran mentions about two dozen prophets only. The Holy Prophet of Islam is the last of the prophets. With him the process of prophesy reached its culmination as Allah perfected the religion (Islam) which he preached. The Muslims are required to believe in all the prophets. The post is especially posted for the purpose to know about the prophets and messengers of Allah, and the post is consisting of 24 prophets and messengers of Allah.

Adam was the first man and prophet to appear on the earth. The story of Adam as told in the holy Quran is revealing. Allah said to the angels that He would create vicegerent on earth. They said that such a vicegerent would create mischief on earth and shed blood. They added that they already celebrated the prises of Allah and glorified His Holy name and as such there was hardly any need of creating a vicegerent. Allah overruled their objection with the remark that He knew what they did not know. Allah created Adam from clay. When He had fashioned him in true proportion, He breathed into him His spirit. He blessed him with the faculty of knowledge whereby he could tell of the nature of things. When Allah had created Adam He presented him to the angels. Allah asked the angels to tell about the nature of things but they pleaded their inability to do so. Then Allah turned to Adam and asked him to tell about the nature of things. Adam told about the nature of things and thereupon turning to the angels, Allah said, “Did I not tell you that I knew what you did not know”? Then Allah ordered the angels to bow down before Adam which they did. Satan alone did not bow for he said that he was superior to Adam. Then Allah blessed Adam with a companion. Adam and his wife Eve were asked to live in the Gardens and eat of the beautiful things therein. They were, however, asked not to approach the forbidden tree or eat of its fruit. Satan persuaded Adam and his wife to eat the fruit of the forbidden tree. Thereupon Allah asked Adam and Eve to go the earth. Satan also accompanied them. Satan got the respite to seduce the descendants of Adam till the Doomsday. Allah advised Adam that if on the earth there came to him or his progeny guidance from Allah they should follow it.
According to the science Man appeared on the earth in some primitive form millions of years ago. Adam appeared ten to fifteen thousand (10,000 to 15,000) years ago only. This shows that the primitive men were creatures of instinct only. Adam was the first man to be blessed with consciousness and the faculty to acquire knowledge. Eating of the fruit of the forbidden tree led to the birth of con-seriousness. It was because of such consciousness that Man accepted the trust which others had regretted the ability to undertake. When the angels bowed down to Adam significance was that Man would have the power to overcome the forces of nature. The refusal of Satan to bow down to Adam signified that Man would have to fight against the forces of the evil. Adam was sent to the earth not as a punishment but to fulfil the trust. His main mission was to  establish the kingdom of Allah on earth. The task of Satan was to seduce Man so that he should fail in the fulfilment of the mission entrusted to him. There is some difference of opinion among the scholars as to the location of the Gardens where Adam lived originally. Scholars like Iqbal and Maulana Maududi hold that these Gardens were on the earth.

Hazrat Idris was the Prophet and Messenger of Allah. There are references to Idris in Surahs XIX and XXI of the Holy Quran. He is referred to in the holy Quran as a man of constancy and steadfastness. Some commentators identify Idris with the prophet Enoch of the Bible. He was a forefather of the Prophet Nuh (Noah). He was the first person in the world to have learnt to write. The knowledge of arithmetic and astronomy began with him for the first time.

Hazrat Nuh was a Prophet and a Messenger of Allah, who flourished in Iraq around 5000 B.C. There are references to  Hazrat Nuh in some two dozen Surahs of the holy Quran. He said to his people to worship Allah, but they refused to worship of Allah and said that he was distracted in mind. Hazrat Nuh prayed to the Allah to punish the people. Allah asked Hazrat Nuh to prepare and ark. Then Allah sent a deluge.  Hazrat Nuh  and his followers embarked in the ark. They carried with them in the ark a pair of every species of birds and animals. In the flood the unbelievers were drowned. The ark carrying  Hazrat Nuh floated on water for forty  (40) days and then came to rest on Mt. Judi. Then  Hazrat Nuh and his companions came down from the ark and settled down on the land.
Hazrat Hud was one of the Prophets and Messengers of Allah. After Hazrat Nuh’s flood the people who rose to importance were the ‘Aad. They were named after ‘Aad a grandson of Shem, a son of  Hazrat Nuh. These people had their settlements in South Arabia and lived in lofty buildings. Their capital was Iram. Aden the well known port of South Arabia carries a name which speaks of its association with the ‘Aads. Allah sent His Prophet Hud  to the ‘Aad. He wanted his people to desist from their evil ways. They rejected him and planned to expel him. Hazrat Hud prayed to God to punish the wrong doers. The punishment came in the form of a famine which Lasted for three consecutive years. The absence of rain caused the people great distress. A delegation of the people of ‘Aad went to Makkah to pray for the rain. There three pieces of clouds appeared on the sky and a voice out of the clouds asked the people to select one out of the three. They chose a black piece of could. This cloud proceeded to the land of the ‘Aad and caused horrible destruction. A storm accompanied by heavy rain raged for seven days and seven nights and destroyed every thing. The prophet and his followers were saved but the unbelievers were destroyed. The tomb of the Prophet Hud has been located in Hadramawt.
Hazrat Salih was also a Prophet and Messenger of Allah. After the destruction of the ‘Aads, the people known as the “Thamud” rose to power and importance. They had their settlements in south west Arabia. These people were skilful artists and they carved buildings in mountains. Hazrat Salih was sent as a prophet to the people of the Thamud. He asked the people to worship Allah. He brought a she camel as a sign of Allah. The people were asked to leave her to graze on the Allah’s earth and let her come to no harm. The people rejected Hazrat Salih and what he peaked. They flew the she camel and asked Hazrat Salih to bring the punishment on them if he was a prophet of Allah. Hazrat Salih prayed to Allah to punish the unbelievers. Hazrat Salih and his followers left the city. An earthquake took the Thamud unaware and by morning they lay prostrate in their homes. Later Hazrat Salih  left for Makkah where he is said to have died and  been buried

Hazrat Ibrahim (”Abraham”) is one of the prominent prophets of Allah. Ibrahim was also a Messenger of Allah. Ibrahim’s birth name was Abram, He born at Mesopotamia and belonged to Ur in ancient Iraq and lived some five thousand years ago. His father was Azar who made idols. He wanted the people to leave idol-worship and instead worship Allah. He was persecuted by the people. Nimrod the ruler of Ur order his guards to burn Hazrat Ibrahim alive, but the fire could not harm him. Thereafter Ibrahim migrated from Iraq to Palestine. He had two sons Hazrat Isma’ and Hazrat Is’haq. Hazrat Ibrahim and his elder son Hazrat Isma’il built Khana Kaaba, the House of Allah at Makkah. He died at at the age of 173 and was buried in Hebron, twenty miles south west of Jerusalem.

Hazrat Isma’il was the eldest son of the prophet Ibrahim by his wife Hagar, an Egyptian princess. He was also a Prophet of Allah. When Hazrat Isma’il was only a child, Hazrat Ibrahim was commanded by Allah to abandon his wife Hagar and his son Hazrat Isma’il in the valley of Makkah. Here Hazrat Isma’il dying with thirst lay on the sandy plain while his helpless mother here and there between the two mountains in search of water for her dearest son (Isma’il). With the grace of Allah, a fountain of water appeared miraculously where the child lay. When Hazrat Isma’il grew up, Ibrahim saw a vision commanding him to sacrifice his dearest son in the name of Allah. When Ibrahim told Hazrat Isma’il about his vision he saw Hazrat Hazrat Isma’il at once agreed to be sacrificed and exhorted his father to execute the divine command. Ibrahim brought Hazrat Isma’il to Mina and there put him on the ground to be sacrificed. Allah accepted the sacrifice and substituted a ram in his place. Later Ibrahim and Isma’il rebuilt the Khana Kaaba. Here they prayed to Allah to raise up from among the people of Makkah a Messenger to rehearse to them the signs of Allah. Isma’il had twelve sons who became the progenitors of twelve tribes. The Holy Prophet of Islam was a direct descendant of Hazrat Isma’il.

Hazrat Is’haq was the second son of Hazrat Ibrahim. He was born when his father was one hundred and his mother ninety years old. Allah made him prophet. He was married at the age of forty to Rebecca. Two twins sons Esau and Jacob were born to them. Esau died at Hebron, twenty miles southwest of Jerusalem at the age of 180 and was buried there.

Hazrat Lut was the nephew of the Prophet Ibrahim. He was one of the prophets and messengers of Allah. He migrated with Hazrat Ibrahim from Iraq to Canaan in Palestine. He was commissioned as a prophet to the cities of Sodom and Gomarrah, situated to the east of the Dead Sea. The people of these cities were guilty of unspeakable crimes. They were addicted to homo sexuality sand highway robberies. Hazrat Lut warned the people but the people refused  to listen to him. He prayed to Allah to punish the people. Hazrat Lut left the city with his followers at night. As soon as he left the peoples, Allah raised a shower to brim stones, hard as baked clay, which turned the town upside down and destroyed the people.

Hazrat Yaq’ub was a Prophet of Allah. He was a son of Esau and the father of Yusuf (Joseph). He resided at Canaan. In the latter part of his life he went to Egypt where his son Yusuf was a Minister. On his death bed, Hazrat Yaq’ub said to his sons “What will you worship after me?”, and they said that they would worship Allah and bow down to Him in Islam.

Hazrat Yusuf was a prophet of Allah. He was a son of Hazrat Yusuf and a great grandson of the Prophet Ibrahim. Hazrat Joseph (Yusuf) lived in the Canaan with his eleven (11) brothers and only a sister. The Father of Hazrat Yusuf means Hazrat Jacob loved Yusuf enormous than any other thing in the world. The story of Hazrat Yusuf is told in Surah XII entitled “Yusuf”. According to the holy Quran the story of Hazrat Yusuf is the Most beautiful of stories. The eleven brothers of Hazrat Yusuf hated Joseph so much because their father loved Joseph and do not concentrate on other sons, so the step brothers’s of Joseph threw him in a dark-well. He was recovered from the well by a caravan which was proceeding to Egypt. In Egypt he was sold as a slave and was purchased by an officer of Pharaoh, called Potiphar. Potiphar’s wife Zalikha fell in love with Hazrat Yusuf, but he resisted her advances. He had to spend several years in the prison. He was ultimately released and given of the office of a Minister. He settled the Israelite in Egypt. Hazrat Joseph (Yusuf) flourished during the period of the rule of the Hyksos Pharaohs of XV-XVII dynasties of Egyptian history, around 1600 B.C. The Pharaoh of the time of Yusuf is said to be Raiyan b Al Walid al Amiliki.

Hazrat Shuayb was a Prophet and a messenger of Allah. He was a great grandson of Midian, a son of Ibrahim from his third wife Keturah. He was the father-in-law of the Prophet Moses (Musa): The progreny of Midian came to be known as Midianites. They founded the city of Midian which was somewhere near the Dead Sea. It was situated on the commercial highway between Egypt and Assyria  and was a flourished city. Its people were well to do. They were, however corrupt and iniquitous. They were highway robbers, practised fraud and deprived the people of their rightful dues. Shuayb warned the people but they threatened to drive him away from the city. Hazrat Shuayb left them and they were destroyed to a man by an danger earthquake.

Hazrat Moses (Musa) was an apostle and a messenger of Allah who flourished around 1300 B.C. He was born in Egypt of an Israelist family who had settled there since the time of Joseph. The Pharaoh had ordered that male children born to Israelists should be killed. Under the inspiration of God, the mother of Hazrat Moses put the new born baby in a chest and the chest was thrown in the river. Thee chest was picked by the people of Pharaoah. The wife of Pharaoh took a fancy to the babe and decided to adopt him as a son. He was named Moses one found from the water. When Moses reached full age Allah bentowed on him wisdom and knowledge. One day he intervened in a quarrel between an Israelist and an Egyptian. Hazrat Moses killed the Egyptian and escaped from Egypt.. He came to Midian where he served with the Prophet Shuayb for  a period of twelve years and married one of his daughters. Then he left Midian with his wife. At Mount Tur he had the vision of Allah. Allah commanded Hazrat Moses to go to Egypt back. In Egypt Moses summoned the Pharaoh to worship of Allah but he ridiculed the idea. Hazrat Moses and the Israelists escaped from Egypt at night. Allah provided them a safe passage across the Red Sea. The Pharaoh and his forces who pursued them were all drowned in the sea. On return to Palestine Hazrat Moses went to Mt. Tur for forty nights for communion with Allah At Mt. Tur Hazrat Moses was given commandments and the law-Moses asked his people to fight against the people of Palestine and occupy the country. They lacked the courage to do so and as a consequence they had to wander in the wilderness for forty years where Allah fed them with manna and salwa.

Hazrat Harun was a prophet of Allah. He was the older brother of Hazrat Moses, and Allah commisioned Hazrat Harun to help Hazrat Moses in his mission. When Hzrat Moses went to Mt. Then to hold communion with Allah. Hazrat Harun deputised for Moses.

Hazrat Yunus was a prophet and a messenger of Allah who was commissioned to the people of Ninevah. Nineveh was the capital of ancient Assyria. It stood on the eastern bank of the river Tigris opposite modern Mosul in Iraq. Ninevah is now is ruins. In the midst of these ruins a town has been identified as the burial place of the Prophet Yunus.

Hazrat Ayub was a prophet of Allah. He flourished in the territory of Jordan. His wife was a grand daughter of Prophet Yusuf. Hazrat Ayub was a wealthy man but Allah put him to test by depriving him of all the wealth, and afflicting him with leprosy. In spite of the calamities which fell to him, Hazrat Ayub remained patient and did not lose faith in Allah. Allah rewarded him by curing him of his malady and multiplying his wealth. Hazrat Job or Ayub is held among the people as a symbol of patience and steadfastness.

Hazrat David or Dawud was a king and prophet of Israel. He flourished around 1000 B.C. Allah revealed “Zabur” the Book of Psalams to him. He was a wise man, as well as a person of bodily prowess. He was craftsman and could make coats of mail. He was blessed with a sweet voice. He was a great musician. He was a good judge and came to be known for his wise judgements.

Hazrat Solomon or Sulaiman was a prophet of Allah. He was the son of Hazrat Dawud. He was one of the wisest and most magnificent of the kings of Israel. When asked by Allah as to the wish that should be granted to him, he asked for an understanding heart. He was a good judge and was well known for his judgements. Allah made the wind and jinns subservient to him. He could understand the language of the birds and animals. Hazrat Solomon overpowered the Queen of Sheba and converted her to Islam. Hazrat Solomon ruled for 39 years from 961 to 922 B.C. and died at the age of 89 years.

Hazrat Ilyas was prophet and messenger of the Israelists. He was a descendant of the Prophet Harun. He lived in the reigns of the Jewish kings Ahab (896-874 B.C.) and Ahziah (874-872 B.C.). Ahab married Jezebel a princess of Sidon and at her instance the king and the people took to the worship of the sun god Ba’al. The city of Ba’albak in Syria where Hazrat Ilyas lived was named in the honour of the sun god Ba’al. Hazrat Ilyas asked the king and the people to abandon the worship of Ba’al and take to the worship of Allah but they rejected him. Hazrat Ilyas esccaped from Ba’albak. Acccording to legend he was taken up by a whirl wind to heaven in a chariot of fire.

Hazrat Al-Yasa was an Israelist prophet and messenger, who succeeded to the mantle of the Prophet Al-Yasa. He lived in troubled times when the kingdoms of Israel and Judah were ruled by wicked kings.

Hazrat Zakariya was a prophet of the Israelists. He was the uncle of Mary the mother of Jesus Christ. Mary grew up under the care of Hazat Zakariya. Every time that he entered her chamber to see her he found her supplied with sustenance. When he asked her from where did she get such sustenance she said that she got it from Allah. Hazat Zakariya prayed to Allah for a son and in spite of old age he got a son Hazrat Yahya (John the Baptist). Hazat Zakariya prayed to God for a sign, and as such a sign he became dumbe annd mute for three days.

Hazrat Yahya (John the Baptist) was a prophet of Allah. He was a son of the Prophet Zakariya. Allah gave Hazrat Yahya wisdom even as a youth. During the time of Hazrat Yahya, Herod Antipas the Governor of Judea married his niece Herodias who had been the wife of his brother Herod Philip. The incestuous marriage was denounced by Hazat Yahya. Salome was the daughter of Herodias from her previous husband. Salome loved Hazrat Yahya. Salome pleased Herod by her dance and he asked her for wish. At the instance of her mother, Salome asked for the head of Hazrat Yahya. Hazrat Yahya was killed under the orders of Herod, and his head was presented on a platter to Salome.

Jesus Christ (Isa) was a prophet and a messenger of God. He was the son of Mary and was born without a father. His similitude before God was that of  Adam. He was endowed with the power to speak while still in the cradle. Allah gave him the power of curing the blind, healing the lepers, and bringing the dead back to life. Jesus Christ (Isa) gave the tidings of the coming of a apostle after him who would be known as Ahmad. He was betrayed by the Jews and they tried to crucify him. Allah lifted him to the heaven. Christians refer to Christ as the son of God (Allah). In the Holy Quran Allah says that Allah is above having a son, and Jesus Christ (Isa) was no more than an apostle of God (Allah).

Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him), the Holy Prophet of Islam was born in Makkah 571 C.E.

Makkah known as “The Mother of the Cities”, though situated in an arid and sterile valley enjoyed fame as a religious centre because of the location of the Holy Kaaba, the House of Allah. According to the tradition the Holy Kaaba, was first built by Adam. After the flood it was rebuilt by the Prophet Ibrahim and his son Isma’il. Makkah was also a great commercial centre, and controlled the caravan routed to Yemen, Syria and Iraq.

In Arab annals the year of the birth of the Holy Prophet is known as the “Year of the Elephant”. During this year, an army under Abraha, the Christian ruler of Yemen invaded Makkah. The object was to destroy the Kaaba so that Makkah should lose it importance as a centre of pilgrimage. Abraham wanted to make Yemen as a centre of pilgrimage.

Abraha rode on an elephant, an animal which the Arabs had not seen before. The custodians of the Ka’aba were not strong enough to face the invaders in battle; they retired leaving the protection of the house of Allah to Allah Himself.

And verily, Allah protected His House. A flock of birds pelted them with stones of baked clay that made the armed forces of the invaders like the dried powder minced by the cattle. An unusual storm of rain and hail swept over the valley and flooded the army camp. A strong wind lashed the countryside and Abraha and his hosts dispersed and retreated in despair and it proved to be the final retread of Christianity from the heartland of Arabia.

If you wanted to get further information about the Prophet of Mercy, then you might be like to visiting the following page:

Note: This Knowledge or Information is taken from the Book “History of Islam” by Prof. Masud-ul-Hasan, The Book was published in July 2004, nowadays we are taking Information from his Book, for our Official blog, so that the Readers can have a lot of Knowledge/Information, We feel so much proud to have Book’s text on our Website, We hope that you would like our this Important decision, Thank for reading, kindly remember us in your pray.. 

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