Two Nation Theory
The Two Nation theory in its simplest way means the cultural , political, religious, economic and social dissimilarities between the two major communities, Hindus and Muslims of Sub Continent. These differences of out look, in fact, were greatly intrumental in giving rise to two distinct political ideologies which were responsible for the partition of India into two independent states.
The Basis of the Creation of Pakistan
The Two Nation Throry was the basis of the struggle for creation of Pakistan which held that Hindus and Muslims are two separate nations. They in spite of living together for centuries could not forget their individual cultures and civilization. Al-Beruni recorded his ideas in 1001 A.D. in his famous book “Kitab-ul-Hind” as”
“The Hindu society maintained this peculiar character over the centuries. The two societies, Hindus and Muslims like two streams have sometimes touched but never merged, each following its separate course.”
There are a few factors which split the inhabitants of the Sub COntinent into two nations. Let us examine each of them separately.
The Hindus and Muslims belong to different religions. Islam preaches Tawheed (oneness of Allah) and believes in equality of man before law. Muslims are the beilevers of God, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), the Holy book QUran and hold a cohesive approach towards life. Hinduism, on the other hand is based on the concept of multile Gods. Their society follows a caste system and is divided into four classes and has a very narrow approach towards life.
Hindu Nationalism: A number of Hindu nationalist movements, which emerged from time to time in the Indian history, add fuel to the fire by playing up the tension and antagonism which already existed between the two communities.
The Hindu nationalist leaders totally ignored the great contribution made by Muslims in the Indian society by way of promoting education and other social activities. Their writings and ideas flared up the communal discord between Hindus and Muslims to further pollute the political condition.
Cultural Differences: Muslim followed the Islamic culture while Hindus inherited a self build culture. The Hindus burnt their dead bodies while Muslims on the other hand burried them. Hindus considered the ‘Mother cow’ as a sacred animal and worshipped it while Muslims slaughtered it. They performed ‘Sati’ while Muslims abb